Testin:洞见云测试的10个趋势

10 Emerging Trends in Cloud Testing

移动互联网完成了中国的数字化转型,大多数组织、企业都在向数字世界进军,几乎所有的产品、服务都可以借此了解客户,建立信任,激发忠诚度,改善服务,形成完整的数字化体验闭环。

而对数字化世界,云测试已经变得异常关键、不可或缺。

随着需求、市场、产品、服务、技术的进步与发展,云测试正在悄然发生一些发展趋势的变化。

Digital Customer Experience:Understand Customers, Build trust, inspire loyalty, improve services

With a majority of organizations making a foray in the digital world, the need for digital transformation will require a huge shift of focus towards digital testing. Robust strategies for digital assurance will be required for focusing on optimizing functional testing across channels.

The application store approval method is becoming more simplified and straightforward nowadays. As such, the world will observe a boom in the hybrid applications, including both cloud & mobile applications, which would require the users to stay online & offline equally. The QA and Software Testing industry would observe more frequent testing of the mobile & cloud applications on a larger scale. These applications can be tested by the release of a beta version and then, followed by receiving a good feedback.

The applications that interact with the cloud environment will also be a part of the hybrid application and will thus, play a major role in shaping the development of the QA and Software Testing industry. In the recent years, the world has observed substantial investments on the cloud-architecture based platforms with the help of AWS (Amazon Web Service) and Cloud Test Lab of Google. With the presence of such big names, there is expected a pressure built-up among the hybrid application developers & testers to deliver excellent applications.

1. 自动化云测试将占据领导优势 Cloud automated testing will take the leading advantage.

Gartner预测,到2020年,向云迁移将影响价值约1万亿美元的业务决策。 SaaS独有的TaaS(测试即服务)的发展进一步凸显了云在软件测试服务中扮演的角色的重要性。

云测试提供了易用性,可扩展性和降低成本的优势。它允许在各种环境和多台机器上进行自动化测试,而无需构建自己的基础架构。云测试越来越突出,已经在市场上产生了大量基于云的测试工具,每个测试工具都专门支持常用的自动化框架/工具。借助基于云的按需可扩展性,这些有助于定义可以按比例放大和缩小的完全自动化环境,以便在实现扩展测试的同时优化资源。

在DevOps,TaaS和云的推动下,自动化测试将在今年演变为更复杂的集成模型,并继续提高代码发布的速度。

Cloud-based testing has been a hot buzzword in technology circles for some time now, and not without reason.  Gartner predicts that by 2020, the shift to the cloud will have impacted business decisions worth about 1 trillion dollars. The evolution of TaaS (Testing as a Service), unique from SaaS, further highlights the importance of the role the cloud plays in software testing services.

Cloud testing provides the benefits of easy availability, great scalability and reduced costs. It allows for automated testing in various environments and several machines without the need to build your own infrastructure. The increasing prominence of cloud testing has already given rise to a slew of cloud-based testing tools in the market and each has specialized in supporting commonly used automation frameworks/tools. With cloud-based on-demand scalability, these help to define a completely automated environment that can be scaled up and down in order to optimize resources while enabling testing to scale.

Spurred on by DevOps, TaaS and cloud, automated testing will evolve into more complex integrated models this year, and continue to increase the speed with which code is able to be released.

2. 测试不再仅仅是发现缺陷,而是关乎企业经营成败 Testing is no longer just about overcome the bugs, but about the success or failure of business operations.

每个组织、企业、团队都希望在最快的时间内向客户交付最好的产品。 这使得开发团队要持续专注于提供更好的用户体验以及最快的上市时间,更快速地持续满足更高的要求,不仅仅是软件的功能、性能、兼容性、安全性,甚至是与产品、技术无关的社会、伦理、合规、要求。

很多应用在不同服务场景的测试不完善而导致的安全、社会事件,已经成为企业发展的最不确定风险因素。

测试已经成为企业高速发展过程中最无法忽视的关键环节,已经融入成长、成熟组织、企业的整个软件开发周期的战略位置。

我们大家都知道的视频、出行行业的2个案例足以说明,除了用户体验、商业利益考虑之外,可能还要持续投入更大的资源才能确保在企业高速发展阶段不会掉入影响经营成败的陷阱。

Everyone wants the best products in the fastest possible time. This is making organizations focus on providing the best user experience along with the fastest time to market. The speed is only going to increase (and the quality better) with the latest technologies and tools at the disposal of teams.

At the end of the day, the greatest requirement for tools and best practices in 2018 is to enable testing at greater speed while maintaining the right level of quality. What is certain is that the world of software testing will continue to move beyond the mundane and cement itself into a strategic position in the overall software development cycle. We hope to see a lot of exciting innovation that would accentuate the digital revolution and drive growth.

3. AI正在逐步取代人成为云测试的主力 AI is set to transform Testing

Gartner预测,到2020年将有50%的IT组织将寻求在应用程序开发中使用人工智能提高质量和服务承诺。

如果以测试工程师的KPI为要求,经过大量测试数据训练进化的AI引擎可以更有效地理解大量数据,在测试用例、测试数据管理中发挥更有价值的作用。 在生成测试用例、测试脚本、维护和重用测试脚本方面,AI将更加有效,而拥有持续大规模数据积累的平台就更具备壁垒优势。

Gartner predicts that by the year 2020, 50% of IT organizations will seek to apply smart analytics in application development.  Most experts believe the use of advanced analytics to make quality decisions is still at a nascent stage because the technology—as well as the processes around it—is still mostly emerging. But, there is already a buzz around how AI can do more to improve quality and the future promises a lot.

Given its ability to make sense of vast amounts of data, AI will play an important role in test case and test data management. There would be advancements in intelligent testing tools and technologies that are smarter in generating test cases, test scripts, alongside maintaining and reusing test scripts. It seems reasonable to assume that AI could work its magic on formulating various test scenarios, predicting application behaviors, and identifying problems as well as potential areas of improvement leveraging multi-source data.

According to Forrester, organizations are not looking at having centralized Test Centers of Excellence anymore. Test automation developers today are now a part of the agile teams. The erstwhile testing arena is making a shift towards quality engineering, and testing is intended to become more iterative, progressive, and seamlessly integrated with development.

4.众包测试是测试服务市场增长的关键驱动力 Increasing Popularity of Crowdsourced Testing to Boost Demand

测试的终极目标是满足人的需要,而再先进的技术也不能取代人在测试流程当中的核心角色,但随着人力成本的持续上升,测试行业正在面临变革。根据Technavio分析师的说法,促进全球软件测试服务市场增长的关键因素之一是众包测试的日益普及。

众包测试使用众包平台连接世界各地的测试人员来测试软件项目。它针对的是与目标群体的人口统计和兴趣相匹配的测试人员。众包测试允许企业以低成本测试他们的产品。它优选用于以用户为中心的应用程序,例如电子商务应用程序和游戏。
众包测试的普及正在增长,因为它可以帮助开发人员获得有关产品质量的见解,识别缺陷和错误,并获得即时反馈以改进产品。

根据Technavio的一位IT专业服务研究高级分析师的说法,“众包测试为开发人员提供了一个额外的机会,可以在真实条件下测试应用程序,而无需全天候的质量保证。企业不必投资购买测试项目的工具。他们可以获得完整的测试覆盖率,并可以访问来自世界各地的许多测试人员,而无需进行任何金融投资。“

According to Technavio analysts, one of the key factors contributing to the growth of the global software testing services market is the growing popularity of crowdsourced testing.

Crowdsourced testing uses a crowdsourced platform to connect testers across the world to test software projects. It targets testers who match the demographics and interests of the target group. Crowdsourced testing allows businesses to test their products at a low cost. It is preferred for user-centric applications such as e-commerce applications and games.
The popularity of crowdsourced testing is growing as it helps developers gain insights about product quality, identify defects and bugs, and obtain instant feedback to improve the product.

According to a senior analyst at Technavio for research on IT professional services, “Crowdsourced testing provides an additional opportunity to developers to test applications in real-world conditions without the need for a full-time QA. Businesses do not have to invest in the acquisition of tools for testing projects. They can get a complete test coverage and access to many testers from different parts of the world without making any financial investments.”

5. 体验优化正在取代性能测试 Experience optimization is replacing performance testing.

“良好的用户体验是成功产品的关键”。 跨不同平台,操作系统和设备的一致性能定义了产品真正捕获的市场份额。 为用户提供最佳体验的需求是使组织改变其战略。 他们现在正在从提供性能测试转向提供性能工程。

Repeating a cliché – “A good user experience is the key to a successful product”. Consistent performance across diverse platforms, OSs, and devices defines how much of a market can a product really capture. The need to provide the best experience to users is making organizations change their strategy. They are now moving away from just providing Performance tests to providing Performance engineering.

6. 物联网正在开启连接时代 IoT is heralding an era of connected devices.

随着物联网的跨越式发展,越来越多的客户在使用产品之前依赖物联网测试,功能、性能和安全性无一可或缺。 根据惠普的一项研究,物联网中70%的设备容易受到安全问题的影响。

With IoT growing in leaps and bounds, more and more customers rely on IoT Testing before using the products. If the products are not tested, their functionality, security, and effectiveness – all will come under scanner. According to a HP study, 70 percent of devices in the Internet of Things are vulnerable to security problems.

7. 大数据人工智能测试将成为一件大事 Bigdata and AI testing will become a big thing.

我们今天坐在爆炸性的大数据之上,需要围绕大数据测试制定一个非常强大的战略。 测试数据集需要高度分析的工具,技术和框架,并且是一个将变得更大的领域。

We are sitting atop an explosive amount of BigData today and need to have a very strong strategy around BigData Testing. Testing datasets requires highly analytical tools, techniques, and frameworks, and is an area that is set to grow big.

8. 5G应用测试将迎来新的机遇和挑战 5G application testing will usher in new opportunities and challenges.

高带宽、高容量、低时延,新的应用形式和产品形态,都将带来崭新的市场机遇,但在自动驾驶、智能城市控制、工业互联网等需要高可靠的应用场景中,测试将面临前所未有的挑战。

9. 安全将成为测试的一部分 Security will be part of the testing.

随着科技行业以惊人的速度向前迈进,信息量也大幅增加。 因此,信息安全和持续集成测试成为大公司关注的问题,以确保有效的数据流而不会泄露或泄露机密信息,特别是在物联网、车联网、工业互联网、大数据、AI和5G应用领域,安全将成为测试的一部分。

As the technology industry is pacing forward with a whopping speed, there is a significant increase in the amount of information as well. As such, information security and continuous integration testing becomes a matter of concern to the larger companies to ensure the effective data flow without any leakage or breaching of confidential information. Therefore, security testing is another domain that the technology world is going to observe in the upcoming times.

These were some of the important trends in the QA and software testing industry.

10. 测试正在经历供给侧改革与服务升级 Testing is undergoing supply-side disruption and service upgrades.

  • 企业自主、自发、很不情愿的测试行为,正在基于全量应用测试数据的行业标准服务所替代
  • 封闭的专有测试体系正逐渐落后于客户持续提升的消费升级需求
  • 劳力型测试服务正在被平台性服务所取代

面对如此复杂的状况,没有人可以独立应付,而你的时间、资源又极其有限,与专业人士多多交流,与强者合作,伙伴强、你才强!

 

 

Leave a Comment